Many Georgia farmers rely on a product called methyl bromide to help them producehigh-quality crops. But soon they’ll have to use something else.And they’renot sure what will work as well.”The U.S. Clean Air Act mandated that methyl bromide beeliminated from use in the United States by the year 2001,” said Alex Csinos, a plantpathologist with the University of Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station.Farmers fumigate soil with methyl bromide gas. They inject it into soil covered withplastic to get rid of pests. Then they seed the field to tobacco or vegetable crops suchas squash, peppers, tomatoes and cabbage.Csinos said methyl bromide controls a broad range of insects, weeds, nematodes anddisease-causing organisms at fairly low cost.But the Environmental Protection Agency found a problem. As methyl bromide moves fromtreated soil into the atmosphere, it breaks down ozone molecules that help protect us fromthe sun’s ultraviolet rays. So farmers have to find other products.Csinos, other UGA researchers and U.S. Department of Agriculture scientists have workedtogether for about four years to find a replacement.”At this point, the results look very good,” he said. “We have found some materialsthat are already approved by EPA for soil injection. And their activity is almost equal toor, in some cases, even better than methyl bromide.”A bonus for farmers is that the other products cost less, too, when used in effectivecombinations. Farmers can apply them, Csinos said, at half to two-thirds the cost ofmethyl bromide.One way methyl bromide is better, though, is time. It works quickly and escapes fastonce the farmer removes the plastic. The alternatives may take longer. And that canrequire more management and planning.”But farmers can apply it themselves instead of hiringcustom applicators,” Csinos said. “And these alternative chemicals and combinations have been shown tohave no effect on the ozone layer.”Georgians can benefit from the new chemicals in a number of ways.They’ll beable to get fresh vegetables without worrying about whether farmers have damaged theirenvironment to grow them.And they’llkeep on getting the high-quality, disease-free produce they’re used to.Georgia farmers will reduce the harmful chemicals they have to use. And they’ll payless to do it.”Our trials on chemicals to replace methyl bromide havebeen quite successful,” said Csinos. “We don’t have a choice about changing. And we’re working to change to asafe chemical that’s as effective and less expensive.
BUFFALO, N.Y. — Jerami Grant spun past Shayne Whittington from right to left in one fluid motion, soaring toward the rim and flushing it home for a loud two.That was just one of Grant’s four dunks in No. 3-seed Syracuse’s (28-5, 14-4 Atlantic Coast) convincing 77-53 win over No. 14-seed Western Michigan (23-10, 14-4 Mid-American) at First Niagara Center on Thursday afternoon. Grant finished with 16 points on 6-of-9 shooting, doing most of his damage in the paint.Grant schooled the Broncos all game, using his athleticism to his advantage. SU missed Grant when it sputtered at the end of the season, but now he’s back at full strength and seamlessly complementing Tyler Ennis and C.J. Fair.“It’s like he’s jumping on a trampoline out there,” SU guard Michael Gbinije said. “Just trying to put people in the basket.”Grant’s first dunk came in transition. He leaked out after a steal and slammed it home after catching a pass from Ennis. Later he flushed home another one in transition, this time off a bounce pass from Gbinije.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textWhenever the SU defense forced turnovers, Grant burst down the court and was ready to accelerate toward the rim.“He’s a blessing to our team,” Gbinije said. “He’s so athletic and he finishes everything around the rim.”That jolt wasn’t there while Grant recovered from a sore back down the stretch of SU’s regular season. Fair was forced to take shots he usually passes up. Defenders draped and locked down Trevor Cooney. Rakeem Christmas and Baye Moussa Keita often found themselves in foul trouble simply because they had to play a heavy dosage of minutes.On Thursday, Grant kept the offense balanced and logged 29 minutes while the centers struggled with four fouls each.“He gives us firepower when he’s in there,” Keita said.Grant’s final dunk — and perhaps his most explosive — came in the second half with the game well out of reach. He cocked the ball back with his right hand and unleashed a rim-rattling dunk over Whittington once again.When asked which dunk was his favorite, Grant wasn’t too sure at first, but then he remembered.“Probably the one where I dunked on…I don’t even know,” he said, smiling and shaking his head.“The last dunk I had was probably the best one.” Comments Published on March 20, 2014 at 8:44 pm Contact Trevor: [email protected] | @TrevorHass Facebook Twitter Google+