Many Georgia farmers rely on a product called methyl bromide to help them producehigh-quality crops. But soon they’ll have to use something else.And they’renot sure what will work as well.”The U.S. Clean Air Act mandated that methyl bromide beeliminated from use in the United States by the year 2001,” said Alex Csinos, a plantpathologist with the University of Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station.Farmers fumigate soil with methyl bromide gas. They inject it into soil covered withplastic to get rid of pests. Then they seed the field to tobacco or vegetable crops suchas squash, peppers, tomatoes and cabbage.Csinos said methyl bromide controls a broad range of insects, weeds, nematodes anddisease-causing organisms at fairly low cost.But the Environmental Protection Agency found a problem. As methyl bromide moves fromtreated soil into the atmosphere, it breaks down ozone molecules that help protect us fromthe sun’s ultraviolet rays. So farmers have to find other products.Csinos, other UGA researchers and U.S. Department of Agriculture scientists have workedtogether for about four years to find a replacement.”At this point, the results look very good,” he said. “We have found some materialsthat are already approved by EPA for soil injection. And their activity is almost equal toor, in some cases, even better than methyl bromide.”A bonus for farmers is that the other products cost less, too, when used in effectivecombinations. Farmers can apply them, Csinos said, at half to two-thirds the cost ofmethyl bromide.One way methyl bromide is better, though, is time. It works quickly and escapes fastonce the farmer removes the plastic. The alternatives may take longer. And that canrequire more management and planning.”But farmers can apply it themselves instead of hiringcustom applicators,” Csinos said. “And these alternative chemicals and combinations have been shown tohave no effect on the ozone layer.”Georgians can benefit from the new chemicals in a number of ways.They’ll beable to get fresh vegetables without worrying about whether farmers have damaged theirenvironment to grow them.And they’llkeep on getting the high-quality, disease-free produce they’re used to.Georgia farmers will reduce the harmful chemicals they have to use. And they’ll payless to do it.”Our trials on chemicals to replace methyl bromide havebeen quite successful,” said Csinos. “We don’t have a choice about changing. And we’re working to change to asafe chemical that’s as effective and less expensive.
Memphis holds the No. 2 pick in the 2019 draft and it is expected to select Murray State guard Ja Morant, which could make Conley expendable.Conley has also been linked to the Celtics — if Kyrie Irving leaves the team this summer — and the Pacers. “When I signed back a couple years ago, that’s a thought that goes through your head that, ‘man, I could play in the same place for 14 or 15 years,” Conley said in January (via NBA.com). “That’d be awesome, and hopefully retire one day as a Grizzly. You also understand that in three, four years a lot can happen and a lot can change.“Memphis is all I know. This is my home. I love everybody here and my teammates and the organization. I don’t know any better. This is new grounds for me, so we’ll just see how it plays out.”The Grizzlies finished last season with a 33-49 record and missed the playoffs for a second straight season. NBA trade rumors: Celtics, two other teams could target Mike Conley deal Conley averaged 21.1 points and 6.4 assists in 70 games for the Grizzlies last season. He shot 43.8% from the field and 36.4% from 3-point range.The Grizzlies originally selected Conley out of Ohio State with the fourth pick in the 2007 draft and he has spent his entire career with the franchise. He has two seasons remaining on the five-year, $153 million extension he signed with Memphis in July 2016. Related News Lakers free agency rumors: Kyrie Irving ‘wants to play with’ Anthony Davis NBA trade rumors: Pelicans ‘monitoring’ potential deal for Wizards star Bradley Beal The Jazz could be closer to acquiring Mike Conley Jr.Memphis has intensified discussions about potentially moving the 31-year-old guard and Utah is a “front-runner” to land him if he’s traded this week, according to a report from The Athletic, which cites unidentified league sources. The Jazz also reportedly pursued Conley before the deadline but no deal was ultimately reached.